:: QUICK REMINDER ::
|For Immediate Release
June 29, 2006
CDC Media Relations
Phone: (404) 639-3286
CDC’s Advisory Committee Recommends Human Papillomavirus Virus Vaccination Vaccine considered highly effective in preventing infections that are the cause of most cervical cancers.
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) voted Thursday to recommend that a newly licensed vaccine designed to protect against human papillomavirus virus (HPV) be routinely given to girls when they are 11-12 years old. The ACIP recommendation also allows for vaccination of girls beginning at nine years old as well as vaccination of girls and women 13-26 years old. HPV is the leading cause of cervical cancer in women.
According to the ACIP’s recommendation, three doses of the new vaccine should be routinely given to girls when they are 11 or 12 years old. The advisory committee, however, noted that the vaccination series can be started as early as nine years old at the discretion of the physician or health care provider. The recommendation also includes girls and women 13-26 years old because they will benefit from getting the vaccine. The vaccine should be administered before onset of sexual activity (i.e., before women are exposed to the viruses), but females who are sexually active should still be vaccinated.
“This vaccine represents an important medical breakthrough,” said Dr. Anne Schuchat, director of CDC’s National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases. “As a result, these vaccine recommendations address a major health problem for women and represent a significant advance in women’s health. It has been tested in thousands of women around the world and has been found to be safe and effective in providing protection against the two types of HPV that cause most cervical cancers.”
Gardasil®, manufactured by Merck, is the first vaccine developed to prevent cervical cancer, precancerous genital lesions and genital warts due to HPV — `HPV causes genital warts in men and women. The vaccine is highly effective against four types of the HPV virus, including two that cause about 70 percent of cervical cancer. Those who have not acquired HPV would get the full benefits of the vaccine. On average, there are 9,710 new cases and 3,700 deaths from cervical cancer in the United States each year.
HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States, More than 20 million men and women in the United States are currently infected with HPV and there are 6.2 million new infections each year. HPV is most common in young women and men who are in their late teens and early 20s. By age 50, at least 80 percent of women will have acquired HPV infection.
“Although an effective vaccine is a major advance in the prevention of genital HPV and cervical cancer, it will not replace other prevention strategies, such as cervical cancer screening for women or protective sexual behaviors,” said Dr. Schuchat “Women should continue to get pap tests as a safeguard against cervical cancer.”
The ACIP, consisting of 15 members appointed by the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), advises the director of CDC and Secretary of HHS on control of vaccine-preventable disease and vaccine usage. Recommendations of the ACIP become CDC policy when they are accepted by the director of CDC and are published in CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). There are no federal laws requiring the immunization of children. All school and daycare entry laws are state laws and vary from state to state.
For more information, visit www.cdc.gov.
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Why is FDA revising the labeling and keeping this drug on the market instead of withdrawing the drug from the market? When new, unanticipated risks are detected after approval, an FDA review team (consisting of medical doctors, statisticians, safety evaluators, epidemiologists, and other experts) carefully evaluates the information provided by the sponsor and/or the information gathered from the post marketing surveillance program. As part of its review the FDA must assess the severity and frequency of the adverse event and reach a determination regarding the benefit/risk profile of the drug. No drug is absolutely safe. All drugs have side effects. When FDA determines that a drug is safe and effective "Safe" means that the benefits of the drug appear to outweigh the risks when used as directed in the FDA approved labeling. For Ketek, the FDA continues to believe that the benefits of the drug outweigh the risks when used appropriately and that the benefit/risk profile for Ketek is similar to that of other approved antibiotic drugs used to treat the same types of infections. FDA will continue to monitor reports of adverse events with Ketek and will take appropriate additional regulatory actions if new information leads to a different conclusion about Ketek’s benefit/risk profileWhat information was known about liver problems related to Ketek prior to approval? Based on the pre-marketing clinical data it appeared that the risk of liver injury with telithromycin was similar to that of other marketed antibiotics.
FDA looked extensively at the potential for hepatic toxicity in patients treated with Ketek. Data was examined from clinical studies, as well as information in nearly 4 million post marketing prescriptions outside the United States. Ketek was the subject of two advisory committee meetings with input from a national expert on drug-induced liver disease. The committee concluded that the risk for hepatotoxicity from Ketek was similar to Augmentin and erythromycin which are other approved antibiotics. Excerpts from:(Questions and Answers on Telithromycin (marketed as Ketek) July 5, 2006
"Using soluble fiber is a most important preventative health care idea and reduces heart disease risk…soluble fiber should be incorporated in everyone's daily diet." (Franklin Murphy, MD, FACC, FACP, Clinical Professor, UCLA School of Medicine, and Past Director of the Preventative Cardiac Care Program as endorsing our book, "Soluble Fiber: Saving Your Health, Saving Your Money")
The goal is in prevention and treatment of states of disease such as weight loss, cardiac disease, stroke, diabetes, heart attack, lipids reduction and cancers. Use of soluble fiber and its evidence points toward improvement of risk…probability reduction control. Always consult your own physician with any addition or change in your diet regimen, health foods, herbals, homeopathics, and be in control.
What does soluble fiber do? It has the capacity to lower cholesterols, lipids, cardiac risk in cases, reduce costs of disease, and reduce the possibilities of disease. Controlling disease states is sometimes just as important as prevention in certain persons with high risk of genetic disease states.
Even the government has set up commissions on these issues: The National Cholesterol Education Program" and its goals.
Many foods have a ratio of 10:1 of INsoluble to soluble fibers…we want the ratio reversed with foods and soluble fiber creating the ratio of 10:1 SOLUBLE fiber to INsoluble fiber. Think of soluble fiber as a sponge in water, absorbing the spilled milk…whereas INsoluble fiber is like a piece of wood in the spilled milk…it moves things along…but does not absorb the mess…………..
Pills, herbs, medicines should not be taken immediately with SOLUBLE fiber supplements. Always wait hours inbetween to allow the medicines to be absorbed in your system first.
Thanks…and stay tuned…"Food for Thought….or Food for Fiber….or Food for Soluble Fiber."
West Nile Virus…
Mosquitoes and birds have carried West Nile virus across the United States since 1999, avoiding only northern Idaho and most of Washington state as of August 2006. This summer, more than 250 people in southern Idaho developed West Nile symptoms: fever, headache, body aches, skin rash and swollen lymph nodes.
Symptoms usually last three to six days and thereâ€™s no specific treatment. About 1 percent of West Nile cases develops into West Nile meningitis and/or encephalitis and may require hospital care. Eighty percent of people infected with the virus develop no symptoms.
While odds of contracting the virus are small, common sense preventive measures are wise.
* Stay indoors at dawn and dusk when mosquitoes are most prevalent.
* Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants outdoors.
* Spray clothing with repellants containing DEET, Picaridin or Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus.
* Apply insect repellant sparingly to exposed skin
* Install or repair window and door screens.
* Eliminate standing water in wading pools, birdbaths, old tires and elsewhere.
Every now and then, reader surveys will be done… One vote at a time. Sometimes serious, sometimes current, sometimes historical, and sometimes humorous. Enjoy !
Thanks for enjoying the reading. Keep coming back. New ideas, thoughts, commentaries, opinions are just around the corner……
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